NASA Headline News

<div class="field field--name-field-add-this field--type-addthis field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><div class="addthis_toolbox addthis_default_style addthis_32x32_style addthis-article-top" addthis:title="Episode 1 - To the Moon, and Beyond - Science Mission Directorate" addthis:url="https://science.nasa.gov/news-article/nasa-science-live/to-the-moon-and-beyond"><a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_facebook"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_twitter"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_reddit"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_email"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_print"></a> </div> </div></div></div><div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even" property="content:encoded"><p>The first episode of #NASAScienceLive explores how science conducted on the lunar surface in the past informs current missions studying the Moon and future plans to send science, robots and humans to our nearest celestial neighbor.</p> </div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-add-this-below field--type-addthis field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><div class="addthis_toolbox addthis_default_style addthis_32x32_style addthis-article-bottom" addthis:title="Episode 1 - To the Moon, and Beyond - Science Mission Directorate" addthis:url="https://science.nasa.gov/news-article/nasa-science-live/to-the-moon-and-beyond"><a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_facebook"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_twitter"></a> </div> </div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-news-article-type field--type-taxonomy-term-reference field--label-above"><div class="field__label">News Article Type:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><a href="/news-article-type/homepage-articles" typeof="skos:Concept" property="rdfs:label skos:prefLabel" datatype="">Homepage Articles</a></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Published:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><span class="date-display-single" property="dc:date" datatype="xsd:dateTime" content="2019-06-25T15:51:00-04:00">Tuesday, June 25, 2019 - 15:51</span></div></div></div>

<div class="field field--name-field-add-this field--type-addthis field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><div class="addthis_toolbox addthis_default_style addthis_32x32_style addthis-article-top" addthis:title="DopplerScatt&#039;s Simultaneous Ocean Wind and Current Measurements Employed in Two Studies - Science Mission Directorate" addthis:url="https://science.nasa.gov/technology/technology-stories/dopplerscatts-simultaneous-ocean-wind-and-current-measurements-employed-in-two-studies"><a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_facebook"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_twitter"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_reddit"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_email"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_print"></a> </div> </div></div></div><div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even" property="content:encoded"><p>This blog post originated in the <a href="https://smd-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/science-pink/s3fs-public/atoms/files/NASA_SMDReport2017_final_highres3.pdf">2017 Science Mission Directorate Technology Highlights Report</a> (33 MB PDF).</p> <h3>Technology Development</h3> <p>A NASA-developed airborne instrument called DopplerScatt participated in two large-scale oceanographic experiments in April and May of 2017. A Ka-band Doppler scatterometer, DopplerScatt’s ability to take simultaneous measurements of ocean surface winds and water currents is a new science capability—one that could improve our understanding of air-sea interactions and their influence on Earth's climate. Ocean surface currents impact heat transport, surface momentum and gas fluxes, ocean productivity, and marine biological communities. Ocean currents can even have societal impact since they can affect shipping and disaster management. Ocean vector winds are a key variable governing the transfer of momentum, gases, and latent heat between the atmosphere and the ocean. The ability to simultaneously measure ocean winds and currents improves the accuracy of both individual measurements, as there is an intrinsic two-way coupling between them.</p> <div class="dnd-widget-wrapper context-default type-image atom-align-center"><div class="dnd-atom-rendered"><!-- scald=17590:default {"additionalClasses":""} --><a href="https://smd-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/science-pink/s3fs-public/thumbnails/image/dopplerscatt.jpg" title="dopplerscatt.jpg"><img typeof="foaf:Image" src="https://smd-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/science-pink/s3fs-public/styles/large/public/thumbnails/image/dopplerscatt.jpg?itok=yi1FkDS6" width="397" height="480" alt="Photo of DopplerScatt team at JPL and Photo of DopplerScatt aboard an aircraft" title="dopplerscatt.jpg" /></a><!-- END scald=17590 --></div><div class="dnd-caption-wrapper">Top: The DopplerScatt team with the radar at JPL before aircraft installation. Bottom: DopplerScatt aboard King Air B200. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech)</div></div> <p>In April 2017, DopplerScatt participated in the Submesoscale Processes and Lagrangian Analysis on the Shelf (SPLASH) campaign led by the Consortium for Advanced Research on Transport of Hydrocarbon in the Environment (CARTHE). The goal of SPLASH was to investigate the movement of potential oil spills and leaks in the Gulf of Mexico. For SPLASH, the DopplerScatt team installed the instrument on a King Air B200 aircraft and flew it over the coastal shelf of the U.S. Gulf Coast. DopplerScatt’s measurements complemented in situ data gathered by hundreds of drifting floats and shipborne instruments as well as high-resolution model outputs from the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory. The CARTHE team used DopplerScatt to decide where to place the drifters, and the models and in situ instruments were, in turn, used to further validate DopplerScatt measurements.</p> <p>In May 2017, DopplerScatt participated in the Keck Institute for Space Studies (KISS) Controlled, Agile, and Novel Ocean Network (CANON) campaign, which isdesigned to optimize robotic sampling capabilities to resolve evolving small-scale ocean instabilities. For the KISS campaign, a team from Caltech/JPL, the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, and Remote Sensing Solutions collected in situ data in Monterey Bay using different autonomous underwater vehicles and gliders. DopplerScatt provided data to investigate the relationship between the observed Doppler velocities measured by the instrument and currents at various depths.</p> <h3>Impact</h3> <p>While DopplerScatt can be used on future NASA airborne science missions, the technology development also lays the groundwork for an eventual spaceborne instrument, which would enable global measurements of ocean surface winds and water currents simultaneously for the first time.</p> <h3>Future Plans</h3> <p>DopplerScatt is currently funded under NASA’s Airborne Instrument Transition Technology (AITT) Program with the goal of transitioning it to a NASA airborne platform and making it campaign-ready. DopplerScatt is scheduled to collect data along the California coast in spring/summer of 2018.</p> <h3>Sponsoring Organization</h3> <p>The Earth Science Division’s IIP program provided the funding for DopplerScatt development. The Principal Investigator is Dr. Dragana Perkovic-Martin of NASA JPL.</p> <div class="dnd-widget-wrapper context-default type-image atom-align-center"><div class="dnd-atom-rendered"><!-- scald=17591:default {"additionalClasses":""} --><a href="https://smd-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/science-pink/s3fs-public/thumbnails/image/dopplerscatt-3.jpg" title="dopplerscatt-3.jpg"><img typeof="foaf:Image" src="https://smd-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/science-pink/s3fs-public/styles/large/public/thumbnails/image/dopplerscatt-3.jpg?itok=4RjctDKL" width="480" height="217" alt="Diagram of wind speed and direction in the Gulf of Mexico" title="dopplerscatt-3.jpg" /></a><!-- END scald=17591 --></div><div class="dnd-caption-wrapper">Wind speed and direction in the Gulf of Mexico for April 18, 2017, as measured by DopplerScatt during the SPLASH campaign.</div></div> <div class="dnd-widget-wrapper context-default type-image atom-align-center"><div class="dnd-atom-rendered"><!-- scald=17592:default {"additionalClasses":""} --><a href="https://smd-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/science-pink/s3fs-public/thumbnails/image/dopplerscatt-4.jpg" title="dopplerscatt-4.jpg"><img typeof="foaf:Image" src="https://smd-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/science-pink/s3fs-public/styles/large/public/thumbnails/image/dopplerscatt-4.jpg?itok=ghm6-sI3" width="480" height="224" alt="Diagram of ocean surface current" title="dopplerscatt-4.jpg" /></a><!-- END scald=17592 --></div><div class="dnd-caption-wrapper">DopplerScatt-measured U component (East-West) of surface current for the same data collection.</div></div> <p>Read more <a href="/technology-stories">Technology Stories</a></p> </div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-add-this-below field--type-addthis field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><div class="addthis_toolbox addthis_default_style addthis-article-bottom" addthis:title="DopplerScatt&#039;s Simultaneous Ocean Wind and Current Measurements Employed in Two Studies - Science Mission Directorate" addthis:url="https://science.nasa.gov/technology/technology-stories/dopplerscatts-simultaneous-ocean-wind-and-current-measurements-employed-in-two-studies"><a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_facebook"></a> <a href="http://www.addthis.com/bookmark.php?v=300" class="addthis_button_twitter"></a> </div> </div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-master-image field--type-image field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Master Image:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><img typeof="foaf:Image" src="https://smd-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/science-pink/s3fs-public/thumbnails/image/dopplerscatt.jpg" width="1018" height="1232" alt="Photo of DopplerScatt team at JPL and Photo of DopplerScatt aboard an aircraft" /></div></div></div>

<div class="field field--name-field-master-image field--type-image field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Master Image:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><img typeof="foaf:Image" src="https://smd-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/science-pink/s3fs-public/thumbnails/image/JunoCam.jpg" width="500" height="500" alt="JunoCam" /></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-link-cs field--type-link-field field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Link:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><a href="https://www.missionjuno.swri.edu/junocam" target="_blank">https://www.missionjuno.swri.edu/junocam</a></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-division field--type-taxonomy-term-reference field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Division:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><a href="/divisions/solar-system" typeof="skos:Concept" property="rdfs:label skos:prefLabel" datatype="">Solar System</a></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Body:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even" property="content:encoded"><p>Help process and analyze images from the JunoCam imager aboard the Juno mission to Jupiter.</p> </div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Published:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><span class="date-display-single" property="dc:date" datatype="xsd:dateTime" content="2019-06-20T19:32:00-04:00">Thursday, June 20, 2019 - 19:32</span></div></div></div>

<div class="field field--name-field-master-image field--type-image field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Master Image:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><img typeof="foaf:Image" src="https://smd-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/science-pink/s3fs-public/thumbnails/image/COSMIC.jpg" width="1236" height="1240" alt="COSMIC" /></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-link-cs field--type-link-field field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Link:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><a href="https://www.zooniverse.org/projects/wkiri/cosmic" target="_blank">https://www.zooniverse.org/projects/wkiri/cosmic</a></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-division field--type-taxonomy-term-reference field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Division:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><a href="/divisions/solar-system" typeof="skos:Concept" property="rdfs:label skos:prefLabel" datatype="">Solar System</a></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Body:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even" property="content:encoded"><p>Help train a computer to think like a scientist to aid the development of future Mars orbital spacecraft.</p> </div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Published:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><span class="date-display-single" property="dc:date" datatype="xsd:dateTime" content="2019-06-20T19:31:00-04:00">Thursday, June 20, 2019 - 19:31</span></div></div></div>

<div class="field field--name-field-master-image field--type-image field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Master Image:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><img typeof="foaf:Image" src="https://smd-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/science-pink/s3fs-public/thumbnails/image/Sungrazer.gif" width="150" height="150" alt="Sungrazer" /></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-link-cs field--type-link-field field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Link:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><a href="https://sungrazer.nrl.navy.mil" target="_blank">https://sungrazer.nrl.navy.mil</a></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-division field--type-taxonomy-term-reference field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Division:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><a href="/divisions/sun" typeof="skos:Concept" property="rdfs:label skos:prefLabel" datatype="">Sun</a></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Body:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even" property="content:encoded"><p>Discover and report previously unknown comets in the SOHO and STEREO satellite instrument fields of view.</p> </div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Published:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><span class="date-display-single" property="dc:date" datatype="xsd:dateTime" content="2019-06-20T19:29:00-04:00">Thursday, June 20, 2019 - 19:29</span></div></div></div>

<div class="field field--name-field-master-image field--type-image field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Master Image:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><img typeof="foaf:Image" src="https://smd-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/science-pink/s3fs-public/thumbnails/image/MAPPPD.jpg" width="512" height="512" alt="MAPPPD" /></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-link-cs field--type-link-field field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Link:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><a href="https://www.penguinmap.com" target="_blank">https://www.penguinmap.com</a></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-division field--type-taxonomy-term-reference field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Division:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><a href="/divisions/earth" typeof="skos:Concept" property="rdfs:label skos:prefLabel" datatype="">Earth</a></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Body:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even" property="content:encoded"><p>Help us understand and model present and future penguin distributions and population abundances.</p> </div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Published:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><span class="date-display-single" property="dc:date" datatype="xsd:dateTime" content="2019-06-20T19:28:00-04:00">Thursday, June 20, 2019 - 19:28</span></div></div></div>

<div class="field field--name-field-master-image field--type-image field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Master Image:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><img typeof="foaf:Image" src="https://smd-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/science-pink/s3fs-public/thumbnails/image/LakeObserver.jpg" width="374" height="369" alt="Lake Observer" /></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-link-cs field--type-link-field field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Link:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><a href="https://www.lakeobserver.org" target="_blank">https://www.lakeobserver.org</a></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-division field--type-taxonomy-term-reference field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Division:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><a href="/divisions/earth" typeof="skos:Concept" property="rdfs:label skos:prefLabel" datatype="">Earth</a></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Body:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even" property="content:encoded"><p>Measure lake height by reading simple lake gauges to help us understand how changes in lake volume impact humans and wildlife.</p> </div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Published:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><span class="date-display-single" property="dc:date" datatype="xsd:dateTime" content="2019-06-20T19:26:00-04:00">Thursday, June 20, 2019 - 19:26</span></div></div></div>

<div class="field field--name-field-master-image field--type-image field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Master Image:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><img typeof="foaf:Image" src="https://smd-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/science-pink/s3fs-public/thumbnails/image/FloatingForests.jpg" width="500" height="500" alt="Floating Forests" /></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-link-cs field--type-link-field field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Link:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><a href="https://floatingforests.org" target="_blank">https://floatingforests.org</a></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-division field--type-taxonomy-term-reference field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Division:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><a href="/divisions/earth" typeof="skos:Concept" property="rdfs:label skos:prefLabel" datatype="">Earth</a></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Body:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even" property="content:encoded"><p>Kelp forests are an important habitat for marine animals. Help us study the history of giant kelp forests around the world and how they are changing over time.</p> </div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-date field--type-datetime field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Published:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><span class="date-display-single" property="dc:date" datatype="xsd:dateTime" content="2019-06-20T19:21:00-04:00">Thursday, June 20, 2019 - 19:21</span></div></div></div>

<div class="field field--name-field-master-image field--type-image field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Master Image:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><img typeof="foaf:Image" src="https://smd-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/science-pink/s3fs-public/379_Ocean_768x.jpg" width="700" height="393" alt="" /></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-eyebrow field--type-text field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Eyebrow:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even">Ocean McIntyre, Science Assistant</div></div></div><div class="field field--name-body field--type-text-with-summary field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Body:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even" property="content:encoded"> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px 0px 1em; line-height: 1.4; font-size: 16.64px; color: white; overflow-wrap: break-word; font-family: Metropolis, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box;">Fresh out of high school, I had joined my friend Timothy Dahlum and Dr. Rudi Mattoni at a patch of land squeezed between the runways of LAX and the Pacific Ocean, to search for an elusive, possibly extinct member of the Lycaenidae Family...</span></p> </div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-gallery-link field--type-link-field field--label-above"><div class="field__label">Link:&nbsp;</div><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><a href="https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/news/379/count-on-me-the-beauty-of-citizen-science/">Read More</a></div></div></div>

<div class="field field--name-field-full-name field--type-text field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even">Christopher Go</div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-official-title field--type-text field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even">Citizen Scientist</div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-master-image field--type-image field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><a href="/christopher-go"><img typeof="foaf:Image" src="https://smd-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/science-pink/s3fs-public/styles/medium/public/Christopher%20Go.jpg?itok=Ttpc7xr6" width="220" height="187" alt="" /></a></div></div></div><div class="field field--name-field-citizen-science-link field--type-link-field field--label-hidden"><div class="field__items"><div class="field__item even"><a href="https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/news/373/meet-a-citizen-scientist-christopher-go/">https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/news/373/meet-a-citizen-scientist-christopher-go/</a></div></div></div>